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Woman on sofa

Menopause usually hits women in their 50’s, but the perimenopausal period can actually begin quite a few years earlier. While there is nothing that you can do to prevent it, there are a number of warning signs that you can look out for, so that you can be fully aware of the reason behind all of the changes occurring within your body.

A Lowered Libido 

Due to estrogen levels in the body decreasing, sexual drive will begin to drop when you reach the perimenopausal stage. This loss of desire is something that tends to surprise people quite a bit, but it is absolutely normal for this to happen once you are in your 50’s.

Mood Swings 

Your body’s hormones will be fluctuating quite wildly as you approach perimenopause, and this can quickly lead to quite severe mood swings, as well as unexplained irritability. Fatigue is also quite common, but this can also simply be due to a busy lifestyle, so do try to cut yourself some slack.

Hot Flashes 

Many people believe that hot flashes are only really experienced during menopause, but these tend to occur quite a few years before as well. If you are suddenly experiencing random bouts of sweat and feeling uncomfortably hot, then this could mean that you are approaching your perimenopausal years.


While sleep disruption, meaning that you wake up at odd hours and are unable to fall back asleep, is another common symptom of perimenopause, it can also be attributed to other factors, such as drinking alcohol before bed. A lack of quality sleep can really take its toll after a while, both physically as well as mentally, so you need to take as many steps as necessary to help yourself enjoy enough sleep each night.

Erratic Periods 

During puberty, girls often experience quite erratic periods, and this is something that you will experience yet again during perimenopause. Due to all of the fluctuating hormone levels within your body, there will be some months where excess estrogen is released, which increases the build-up within the lining of the uterus. This then leads to a heavier-than-normal period. The length that your period lasts for is also likely to change, with your overall cycle tending to be shorter, meaning that you are likely to experience bleeding more often.

The perimenopausal stage that your body goes through can last for up to ten years, after which you will then enter in to the menopausal stage. While you may not want to read about all of the symptoms that you are going to experience, it is important to be aware of these changes that your body is going to go through, so that you can deal with them in the most effective way when they do occur.

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Woman eating cake outside

While sugar can often be incredibly satisfying, we all know that too much of this sweet substance can be a bad thing. However, in addition to leading to everything from obesity to infectious diseases, sugar also hugely contributes to the aging process, causing wrinkles and sagging skin far earlier than you would have otherwise experienced.


When sugar molecules attach themselves to collagen fibers, this process is called glycation, and is something that you will want to minimize as much as possible. This is because, once the sugar is attached to the collagen, it weakens the collagen, causing the fibers to lose their flexibility or strength. This means that the skin becomes less elastic and smooth, and is much more susceptible to everything from wrinkles and fine lines to sagging and sun damage. In addition to sugar, there are other carbohydrates that quickly convert into glucose once they enter your bloodstream, leading to glycation, and these include breads, starches, pasta and potatoes.


Insulin Resistance and Dark Patches 

Each time you eat sugar, your body releases insulin, which enables the sugar to be stored in your cells to be used later. Over time, with a diet high in sugar, you are likely to end up with insulin resistance, as well as Type 2 diabetes. One of the symptoms of insulin resistance is dark patches and skin tags. These are often referred to as common side effects of aging, but, if you cut back on the amount of sugar that you consume, you will be far less likely to experience them.


How to Minimize and Prevent Sugar Damage 

The first step to preventing glycation from occurring is by cutting back on your sugar intake. This includes sugar in all of its forms, whether it be granulated, high fructose corn syrup, or cane sugar, as they all have the same effect. You should also look into vitamin supplements, especially B1 and B6, as these are able to minimize the damage that is caused when sugar molecules attach themselves to collagen fibers. Vitamin C is also incredibly useful when it comes to damaged collagen and skin healing, but, rather than taking a supplement, try to increase your consumption of vitamin C-rich foods instead, making fruits and vegetables such as oranges, red peppers, kale and broccoli a main part of your diet. Another fantastic ingredient for fighting against glycation is alpha lipoic acid, also referred to as ALA. While it can be taken both as an internal supplement as well as applied topically, try to do both if you are looking for maximum results.


There is no denying the impact that sugar has when it comes to skin aging, making it important for you to pay close attention to your sugar consumption if you have any aging concerns. From choosing healthy foods and drinks to increasing your antioxidant intake, working to prevent sugar damage now will definitely pay off in the long run.

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Smiling Older Woman Sitting

Baby boomers are now around the age of 50, meaning that there are likely to be a few changes needed to your beauty regime. To ensure that you never lose that natural, radiant glow, here are a few beauty aids to keep in mind.


Put Your Skin First 

As handy as anti-aging makeup tricks may be, your main concern should be the health of your skin, as keeping your complexion in its best possible state will mean that you will not need to use quite as much makeup. The best way to provide your skin with a consistent level of care is by establishing a regular skin care routine that you can follow each and every day. For mature skin, this should involve a cleanser and exfoliant, followed by a toner, serums, eye cream and moisturizer. The serums that you choose should target any specific skin concerns that you may have, whether this may be dryness and dehydration or wrinkles and blemishes.


Bright Eyes  

As the body ages, the eyes change shape, meaning that the eye makeup tricks that you used in your 20s would not really be applicable now. If you are now dealing with added wrinkles and hooded eyelids, you need to try to stay away from bright or heavy colors, as these can make hooded eyes appear even smaller and darker. For bright, sparkling eyes, opt for a natural and light eye shadow across your lids, before using an eyeliner to enhance your eyes and really make them pop. Try to apply more liner to your top lash line than your bottom lash line, otherwise your eyes may appear dragged down.


Enhance Your Brows 

The eyebrows thin with age, meaning that a great way to add some instant youthfulness back into your look is by defining and enhancing your brows. While an eyebrow pencil may seem like the easiest way to do this, they can often create a look that seems over-the-top, making a shadow the better option, as this will give your brows a softer, more natural look.


Lush Lips 

The lips are another part of the face that change with age, usually losing a fair amount of volume. The best way to counter this is with a lip gloss, as this will add a sheen to your lips that will make them appear plumper and less lined. Whether you opt for a nude lip gloss or one that provides a bit of color, make sure that you always choose a gloss finish over a matte one for your lips.


There are so many changes that occur within the body as it ages, and in order to keep looking as youthful and healthy as possible, you need to be aware of each of these changes. From your lips to your brows to your skin, these tips are all easy to follow, and will bring about great improvements to your look.

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Woman looking in a microscope

Scientists have long since been searching for ways in which they can put a stop to, or even reverse, the aging process, and it seems as though they may have finally found one. Researchers at Australia’s University of New South Wales have created a drug that could potentially reverse the aging process while helping to repair damaged DNA.


DNA Damage and Aging  

Each cell within your body has the ability to repair DNA damage, which it does on a regular basis, such as each time you are exposed to the sun. However, as the body ages, this ability to repair DNA damage starts to decline, which is why the body begins to deteriorate.


NAD+ and NMN

NAD+ is a metabolite that is naturally present within each and every cell in the body, and has a huge impact on the repairing of DNA. When researchers treated elderly mice with a NAD+ booster, called NMN, they discovered that the cells within the mice were far more effective at repairing DNA damage, which was caused by either old age or radiation exposure. After just one week of receiving the NMN booster, the researchers were no longer able to tell the difference between the cells of the older mice and the younger mice.


Human Trials of the NMN Booster 

After witnessing such a success with the mice, researchers plan on beginning human trials of the NMN booster later this year, at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. A drug substance that contains NMN is currently being developed in conjunction with pharmaceutical companies, and this would seem to be the safest and most effective anti-aging drug that has yet been created. If the human trials are successful, which the majority expect them to be, the drug will likely be available on the market in just three to five years.


Other Uses for the NMN Drug 

In addition to being able to reverse the aging process, the NMN drug will also have a number of other uses. NASA in particular has been especially excited about this discovery, as they have long since battled with trying to find ways in which to keep their astronauts safe from cosmic radiation, muscle weakness and memory loss. This is even more urgent now that NASA are planning a four-year mission to Mars, but the NMN drug may be just what they need to reverse and prevent DNA damage in astronauts.


The team at the University of New South Wales that have discovered the incredible possibilities that NMN can bring have been working on different aging-related studies for over four years now. While they have made a number of significant discoveries in this time, the NMN drug is, without a doubt, one of the most exciting, as it really has the potential to change the way in which we  age.

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woman with mature skin

As you pass through each decade of your life, your skin will experience several different changes. In order to properly care for your skin and give it all it needs, it is important to be aware of how your skin changes with age, and recognize these changes as they begin to occur.

Your 30s

As you progress into your 30s, you will begin to notice a few fine lines and wrinkles begin to appear. Your cell turnover will also start to slow down, meaning that your skin may not seem quite as fresh and plump as it did in your 20s. Since the eye area is often the first to show visible signs of aging, investing in a quality eye cream is essential at this stage, while an increase in antioxidants, both internally as well as topically, will help to fight the free radicals that speed up aging.

Your 40s

By the time you reach your 40s, estrogen levels will have drastically declined, and this will affect many different aspects of your skin, from its firmness and elasticity to its moisture levels. Your lymphatic system will also start to slow down, which impacts the way in which your skin eliminates toxins, and can cause puffiness around the eyes. A gentle facial massage can help to move this lymphatic fluid around, while a richer moisturizer will help to combat the dryness that comes from the lack of estrogen. If you do not already do so, you should also begin to use facial masks on a regular basis, as this will give your skin an intense dose of hydration and nutrients.

Your 50s

With 30% less natural moisture in your skin cells once you are in your 50s, your skin will now be noticeably drier, thinner and flakier, making dedicated day and night creams extremely beneficial. At this stage in life, your skin is simply unable to hold on to moisture for very long, which is why you need to be constantly providing it with this. Dark spots and patches of pigmentation will also become more visible, usually on your hands and other parts of your skin that have been most exposed to the sun, but products containing vitamin C and retinol can really help to fade these.

Your 60s

Once you reach your 60s, the key focus here is on boosting your circulation, as this will have dramatically slowed down and will be giving your skin a duller appearance. Regular exercise will go a long way in helping to boost circulation, while also keeping the rest of your body healthy and preventing many diseases.

In order to care for your skin in the way that it needs, you need to be aware of all of the changes that it experiences as you age. From the added antioxidants in your 30s to the constant moisturizing in your 50s and beyond, vigilant skin care habits can really help to prevent many of the visible signs of aging.

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Woman with wrinkles

Aging is an unavoidable part of life, but this does not mean that the visible signs of aging cannot be prevented, keeping you looking younger for longer. Whether you are dealing with fine lines on your face or dark spots on your hands, here are a few tips on treating some of the most common signs of aging.

Dark Spots on Hands

Dark spots on the hands are a sign of sun damage, and are quite a common sign of aging. Due to the decreased amounts of collagen that is produced by the body, the skin on the hands becomes thinner, which also means that veins stand out more too. There are many hand creams available that are designed for this, and sunscreen is also absolutely essential in order to prevent the issue from worsening. If you tend to wear dark shades of nail polish then you should refrain from this until you have cleared the dark spots, as this will only draw more attention to your hands, whereas light shades will keep your nails looking more modern.

Wrinkles and Fine Lines

Wrinkles are a part of aging that everybody dreads, and is due to the loss of collagen and elastin within the body, which therefore reduces the volume of the skin. When it comes to wrinkles, prevention is always far better than cure, so be sure to increase the amount of antioxidants that your skin receives, while also using sunscreen on a daily basis. Retinol is another ingredient that can really help with this, as it stimulates collagen production within the body, helping to plump your skin cells back up.

Thinning Eyebrows and Eyelashes

As you age, your hormones undergo several different changes, and these usually cause the hair on your eyebrows and eyelashes to thin, and, when coupled with years of tweezing and cosmetic procedures, your hair will have a tough time growing back, leaving your brows and lashes looking quite sparse. To fill in your brows, dab a small brush into an eyeshadow that is the same shade as your hair, applying this to any gaps. While a volumizing mascara is an easy quick fix for your lashes, false lashes may have a better effect as they will be able to replace any lashes that you have lost.

Turkey Neck

Turkey neck is another issue that arises from the reduction of collagen within the body, and, in order to counter this, you need to be applying a moisturizer to your neck that is high in peptides, as this will help to increase collagen production. If the problem is quite severe, then you may want to consider a couple of professional options, from laser treatments to Botox.

Once the signs of aging start to make an appearance, it becomes much more difficult to tackle them, which is why prevention is so important when it comes to aging. However, even if your prevention techniques have not properly done their job, there are still many products, ingredients and treatments out there that can help you to deal with just about every visible sign of aging.

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woman working out

Your lifestyle has a huge impact on the way in which you age, and it really is possible to stop the clock simply by making a few healthy changes. From engaging in regular physical activity to maintaining a positive attitude, these are just a few of the ways in which you can minimize the effects of aging.

A Healthy Diet 

When it comes to slowing down the aging process, a healthy diet is absolutely key. Currently, the Japanese are most likely to live to 100 out of all other countries in the world, and this is largely attributed to the foods that they eat. From consuming copious amounts of green tea, which is one of the best anti-aging ingredients out there, to eating plenty of nuts and oily fish, both of which are high in omega-3 fats and reduce the risk of chronic disease, there are many ways to change your diet to make it healthier. Whole foods rather than processed foods are vital, as are fresh fruits and vegetables and unrefined grains.

A Positive Mental Outlook 

When it comes to a healthy lifestyle, aspects such as diet and exercise are often the first to be examined, but a positive mental attitude can be just as important. Studies have shown strong links between longevity and positivity, with those who embrace aging, looking at it as an opportunity rather than a hindrance, experiencing far less of the dreaded effects of aging.

Regular Physical Activity 

Exercise boosts the body in so many different ways, from building bone mass to strengthening the heart to increasing blood flow, which then has a positive effect on the brain. Studies have shown that exercise is one of the best ways in which to prevent the loss of mobility that usually accompanies aging, so if you are not currently engaging in regular physical activity, now is the time to start. This does not need to be anything too intense, as even a brisk 30-minute walk every evening would still bring you some fantastic benefits.

Stress Management 

Stress is seriously aging, and while it would be near impossible to completely cut all sources of stress out of your life, there are certainly many ways in which you can better manage stress when it does arise. Everybody deals with stress differently, so you may need to try out a few different techniques before finding some that really work for you. Whether this may be yoga and meditation, physical activity, having some “me time” doing something that you love, or spending time with loved ones to boost your mood, try to keep stress levels to a minimum as much as you can.

There is a direct correlation between lifestyle habits and aging, making it so important to develop healthier habits as early on in life as possible. From adjusting your diet to include healthier foods to making a conscious effort to manage your stress rather than allowing it to overcome you, following these tips will soon have you well on your way to slowing down your natural aging process.

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Woman applying skincare to her face

Aging is a part of life that many people dread, and can actually be accelerated by a number of different factors, from sugar intake to stress. While these may be hard to completely avoid, there are still several steps that you can take that will help you to slow down the rate at which your body ages.

An Anti-Aging Diet

Your diet plays such a huge role in the aging process, and in addition to cutting back on refined, processed foods, there are also certain anti-aging foods that you can begin to eat more of. Antioxidants are beneficial to just about every part of the body, from your arteries to your skin, and foods such as green tea, wild-caught fish and dark leafy greens are extremely high in these. Berries also contain powerful antioxidants that maintain the muscles and prevent cancer, while herbs are able to cleanse and detox the body, removing the toxins that accelerate aging. When it comes to foods to avoid, sugars, grains, hydrogenated oils and alcohol are all at the top of the list, and will most likely only speed up the aging process.

Stress Management

Stress, especially chronic stress, is a major contributing factor when it comes to premature aging, because the cortisol that your body releases as a response to this stress can severely damage your health over time. This makes stress management essential if you want to slow down the aging process, and while this may seem near-impossible to some, this is likely to only be due to the fact that you have not yet found a stress management method that works for you. While some find relaxation techniques, from yoga to meditation, to be helpful, others choose to release their stress through physical activity. Making time in your life for fun is also important, even if this means learning how to manage your time in a different way.

Regularly Detox

Since toxins severely accelerate the aging process, it is important to regularly detox your body, clearing it of this harmful toxic environment. From drinking lemon water instead of coffee each morning to eating plenty of fiber to keep your bowels moving, to drinking a couple of litres of water a day to flush your body out, there are many ways in which you can detox. Certain foods are known for being able to enhance the detoxification process, such as broccoli, due to its sulfur and folic acid content, and milk thistle, which has been proven to be extremely effective at cleansing the liver. Exercise will also help, as your body will sweat away toxins, so you should also spend some time in a sauna if you can.

Anti-Aging Skin Care

Aging might be inevitable, but you can certainly do your bit to enjoy younger-looking skin for longer. Invest in an anti-aging skin care routine that covers the basics of skin care and also includes special treatments such as deep peels, wrinkle treatments and face masks to give your skin the right cocktail of ingredients it needs to rediscover its youthful glow. Don’t go about expecting results overnight, but continued use of your skin care products coupled with the right lifestyle habits should go a long way in helping you bring back a softer, more supple look and feel to your skin.

While aging cannot be avoided completely, it can most certainly be slowed down, and there are several ways in which you can do this. From paying attention to the amount at which you detox your body, to ensuring that you do not experience chronic stress, these tips are all key when it comes to developing anti-aging lifestyle habits.

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Distressed Woman Squeezing Blemish on Face

Acne is considered to be a chronic skin condition, which results in intermittent flare-ups, with the same factors that contribute to adolescent acne also affecting adults. While the exact causes of “middle age” acne are still relatively unknown, there are several ways in which you can cut back on the frequency and severity of your flare-ups, and keep your acne under control.

Stress Levels

Higher levels of stress during the “middle age” period of life is extremely common, but, when you are stressed, your adrenal gland sends the stress hormone, cortisol, to go shooting around your body in order to deal with the stress. Each time it does so, it also releases a small amount of testosterone, which then stimulates the oil glands to produce more oil, leading to acne. There are several different ways that you can go about managing your stress levels, from physical exercise to yoga to finding a relaxing hobby, so take the time to ensure that you are able to manage your stress on a regular basis.


Your diet can have a huge effect on adult acne, and while the larger studies may have had a difficult time proving which exact foods play a part in this, there is plenty of anecdotal evidence out there. Some may find themselves breaking out after eating chocolate, while others may experience this after eating fried foods, so it may be worth taking a close look at your diet, and seeing if certain foods correlate with your breakouts. However, sugar is one food that is known to lead to an increase in breakouts, as this raises insulin levels which then triggers the oil-producing hormones, so if your diet is filled with plenty of sugar, then now is the time to re-evaluate this.

Hormonal Fluctuations

Acne flare-ups can be quickly brought on by hormonal fluctuations, and while these may be difficult to control, there may be some factors playing into this that you are not aware of. The birth control pill is known for being able to prevent acne, as it regulates the hormones, and if you are only taking this for three weeks out of the month, then you may notice breakouts around the time that you stop taking the pill. To prevent this, it is possible to take your pill continuously throughout the year, although you should speak to your doctor before beginning to do so.

Studies have shown that over 70% of adults will experience acne at some point between the ages of 20 and 50, and that women are much more susceptible to this than men. While this may seem like a frightening statistic, following these tips will help you to keep any acne to a minimum.

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Woman enjoying the sunshine

While aging is inevitable, there are several different factors that contribute to the way in which your skin ages, as well as the rate at which it does so. From inflammation to DNA damage, these are some of the most common causes of aging skin, as well as the ways in which you can put a stop to it.

DNA Damage

UV rays from the sun are known for causing damage to skin cells, which then results in deeper DNA damage. When this DNA damage builds up over time, skin cells are unable to function properly, and not only does this lead to accelerated aging, but also to skin cancer. The best way to protect your skin from DNA damage is by ensuring that your sun protection methods are sufficient, meaning that not only should you be using a sunscreen each and every day, even in the winter months, but you should also be staying in the shade during the sun’s strongest hours. Incorporating antioxidants, peptides and retinol into your skin care routine will always go a long way in helping to reverse some of the damage that has already been caused.

Decreased Cell Turnover

Cell turnover is the process in which fresh, new skin cells move from deep within the skin towards the surface, during which the outer, dead layer of skin cells is shed. As the body ages, the cell turnover process naturally decreases, meaning that older and duller skin cells remain on the surface for much longer. The best way to boost cell turnover is with regular exfoliation, whether this may be manual or chemical, as this will clear away the layer of dead skin cells on the surface of the skin, making it easier for the younger skin cells to move through.


Skin inflammation can be attributed to a number of different causes, but they all contribute to skin aging by damaging the skin’s supplies of collagen, elastin and hyaluronic acid. The only way to put a stop to your inflammation is to figure out the exact cause, whether this may be an occasional allergic reaction or a chronic condition, such as rosacea and psoriasis, and then explore the methods to treat this. In the meantime, ensure that all products that you use are designed for sensitive skin, and contain gentle and soothing ingredients, so as not to exacerbate any inflammation. You should also ensure that you are eating a healthy and well-balanced diet, as the ingredients that you put into your body can have a huge effect on the amount of inflammation you experience.

Nobody wants their skin to age, and while this may be unavoidable to quite an extent, there are many steps that you can take to slow down the rate at which your skin ages. From reducing any skin inflammation to taking necessary measures to reverse DNA damage, these tips will leave you with a youthful looking complexion for many more years to come.


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