Woman applying makeup

 

Nobody wants their complexion to feature dark spots with an uneven skin tone, but everything from UV exposure to hormone fluctuations can lead to this. In order to clear this problem and achieve the flawless complexion you have always desired, here are a few tips to follow. 

 

Retinoids 

 

Retinoids, which are a derivative of vitamin A, are fantastic for boosting cell turnover, resulting in fresher and brighter skin. They are also effective at lightening dark spots, although it will take at least six months of regular use for these to clear completely. Retinoids are one of the most powerful skin care ingredients out there, but they can also cause skin irritation and reactions, so be sure to only use a pea-sized amount on your face, a couple of times a week to start with. Once your skin is able to tolerate the ingredients, you can gradually increase this amount to as much as you need. 

 

Antioxidants

 

Antioxidants are extremely effective at fading dark spots while brightening the skin at the same time, and are also natural, meaning that they are safe to be used on just about every skin type. If you are only picking one antioxidant to use, let that be vitamin C, as this gentle ingredient is unlikely to cause any irritation to your skin, and will bring about excellent results in just a few months time. 

 

Sun Protection 

 

While sun protection will not help to fade your existing dark spots, they will definitely go a long way in preventing these from turning even darker. UV exposure is one of the main causes of dark spots, as well as an uneven skin tone, making sun protection absolutely essential while you are trying to boost the health and appearance of your skin. 

 

Skin Lightening Ingredients

 

The most commonly used ingredient for lightening dark spots is hydroquinone, which works by stopping the production of melanin, while speeding up the cell turnover process. However, even though the American Academy of Dermatology supports the use of hydroquinone, there are several studies out there that point to its dangerous side effects, one of which is the fact that it is potentially carcinogenic when used long term. For a much safer option, give kojic acid a try, as this is derived from mushrooms and also provides great skin lightening benefits. Kojic acid is also a powerful antioxidant, but, like many other lightening ingredients, it can cause irritation, so start off slow. 

 

If you have been battling dark spots and an uneven skin tone for a while now, it can often seem as though your efforts are futile, but keep in mind that everybody's skin is different, so you may need to try a few methods before finding one that works for you. Consistency is also key, especially when it comes to gentler ingredients, so make sure that you stay dedicated to your skin care regime.